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剎車片的更換時要注意什么?

來源:http://www.melbimprov.com發布時間:2021-01-26 19:04:34

剎車片更換時機
Brake pad replacement time
剎車片更換的最佳時機,盤式制動器的剎車片厚度可以采用踩制動板的方法來檢查,而鼓式制動器制動蹄上的剎車片厚度的檢查則要將制動蹄從制動器中拉出。但是,無論是盤式制動器上的剎車片還是鼓式制動器上的剎車片,制造商都規定其厚度不得小于1.2mm,因為,通過所有的實際測量表明:1.2mm之前或之后,剎車片磨損和剝落更快。因此車主應該在此時或之前檢查并更換制動器上的剎車片,一般車輛,在正常行駛的情況下,前制動器的剎車片壽命為3—5萬公里,后制動器剎車片的使用壽命為12—15萬公里。
The best time to replace the brake pad is to step on the brake plate to check the thickness of the brake pad of the disc brake, and to check the thickness of the brake pad on the brake shoe of the drum brake, pull the brake shoe out of the brake. However, the thickness of brake pads on both disc brakes and drum brakes must not be less than 1.2mm, because all actual measurements show that the wear and spalling of brake pads are faster before or after 1.2mm. Therefore, the vehicle owner should check and replace the brake pads on the brake at this time or before. Under normal driving conditions, the service life of the front brake pad is 30000-50000 km, and that of the rear brake pad is 120000-150000 km.
剎車片更換方法
Replacement method of brake pad
首先要檢查所換剎車片是否是純正配件,產品包裝的完好性、防偽標志及包裝標識與剎車片上的標識是否一致,產品型號是否和合格證內容相符。在將車輛舉升這前,應先將盛放剎車油的覆蓋打開,輪胎螺絲應對角松動。如果使用簡易千斤頂支撐時,應將千斤頂支好,并加固不更換剎車片的輪子。將輪胎卸下,松開鉗體緊固螺釘,并檢查螺釘、鉗滑動導桿,清除上面的泥沙及油污,并上潤滑油保養。將舊剎車片拆下,檢查剎車盤的磨損程度,是否起溝起糟。嚴重磨損應更換新的剎車盤,其周期為8—12萬公里,否則會加快新更換的剎車片的磨損,且制動時方向抖動,制動力過校

濟南奔馳汽車保養
First of all, check whether the replaced brake pads are pure accessories, whether the integrity of product packaging, anti-counterfeiting marks and packaging marks are consistent with the marks on the brake pads, and whether the product model is consistent with the content of the certificate. Before lifting the vehicle, the cover containing brake oil should be opened first, and the tire screws should be loosened diagonally. If a simple jack is used for support, the jack shall be well supported and the wheel without replacing the brake pad shall be reinforced. Remove the tire, loosen the clamp body fastening screw, check the screw and clamp sliding guide rod, remove the sediment and oil, and apply lubricating oil for maintenance. Remove the old brake pad and check the wear degree of the brake disc to see if there are grooves and grains. In case of serious wear and tear, a new brake disc should be replaced with a cycle of 80000-120000 km. Otherwise, the wear of the newly replaced brake pad will be accelerated, and the direction of the brake will shake when braking, and the braking force will be over calibrated
值得注意的是:安裝新剎車片應分清內外,剎車片的磨擦面應向剎車盤,使盤片配合合適。安好附件,緊固鉗體。在緊固鉗體前,應用工具將鉗上的塞推回位,以便于將鉗安裝到位。如果需要更換鼓式制動器上的剎車片建議到專業維修廠請專業人員操作,以免出現差錯。
It is worth noting that the inside and outside of the brake pad should be distinguished when installing a new brake pad, and the friction surface of the brake pad should face the brake disc to make the disc fit properly. Install the accessories and fasten the clamp body. Before fastening the clamp body, use tools to push the plug on the clamp back to position, so as to install the clamp in place. If it is necessary to replace the brake pad on the drum brake, it is recommended to go to a professional repair shop for professional operation to avoid mistakes.
安裝好制動器后應該將輪胎復位。安裝輪胎螺釘時,應對角緊固,這樣有利于保護輪胎和剎車輪轂。同時,還要檢查胎面及邊緣的磨損情況是否正常,最好左、右兩輪能定期更換使用,這樣會有利于延長輪胎的使用壽命。最后,還需要檢查制動液。制動液應定期更換、添加,同時應該保證所用制動液的牌號與原有制動液的牌號一致,這樣會有利于清除制動管路中的油泥污垢,制動更加靈敏。如果不同牌號的制動液混合使用,會發生化學變化,產生油泥及無機鹽沉積于制動系統,日積月果,會堵塞管路,造成制動失效,后果難以想象。
The tire should be reset after the brake is installed. When installing the tire screw, it should be fixed diagonally, which is beneficial to protect the tire and brake hub. At the same time, it is also necessary to check whether the tread and edge wear are normal. It is better that the left and right wheels can be replaced regularly, which will help to prolong the service life of the tire. Finally, check the brake fluid. The brake fluid should be replaced and added regularly. At the same time, the brand of the brake fluid used should be consistent with that of the original brake fluid. This will help to remove the sludge and dirt in the brake pipeline and make the brake more sensitive. If different brands of brake fluid are used together, chemical changes will occur, resulting in sludge and inorganic salt deposition in the brake system, which will block the pipeline and cause brake failure, with unimaginable consequences.
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