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汽車維修作業安全操作流程

來源:http://www.melbimprov.com發布時間:2021-03-16 16:30:50

(1) 使用汽油的安全規則
(1) Safety rules for using gasoline
a.維修車間和場地必須充分通風。
a. The workshop and site must be well ventilated.
b.修理汽油箱前,應用專用溶液或水清除油箱內的殘余油氣。在清洗時不得吸煙,不得在旁邊烘烤零件或點燃噴燈。
b. Before repairing the gasoline tank, the residual oil and gas in the tank shall be removed with special solution or water. Do not smoke during cleaning, do not bake parts nearby or light blowtorch.
c.應盡量避免用嘴吹、吸汽油管和燃料系統孔道。
c. Try to avoid blowing and sucking oil pipe and fuel system orifice with nozzle.
d.存放汽油的地方應標明“易燃”字樣。
d. The place where gasoline is stored should be marked "flammable".
e.廢油應倒入指定廢油桶收集,不得隨地倒流或倒入排水溝內,防止廢油污染。
e. The waste oil should be collected in the designated waste oil bucket, and should not be backflowed or poured into the drainage ditch to prevent waste oil pollution.
(2) 啟動發動機時的安全規則
(2) Safety rules when starting engine
a.發動機啟動前應首先檢查各部位的裝配工作是否已全部結束,油底殼內的機油、散熱器的冷卻水是否加足,變速桿是否處于空擋并拉緊手制動器。
a. Before starting the engine, first check whether the assembly work of all parts has been completed, whether the oil in the oil pan and the cooling water of the radiator are full, whether the gear lever is in neutral, and tighten the handbrake.
b.被調試的發動機,應具有完好的啟動裝置。
b. The engine to be debugged should have a good starting device.

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c.在工廠里調試發動機時,應打開門窗,使空氣暢通,并盡可能將排氣管排放的廢氣接出室外。
c. When debugging the engine in the factory, the doors and windows should be opened to make the air unblocked, and the exhaust gas from the exhaust pipe should be connected out of the room as far as possible.
d.發動機啟動后,應及時檢查各儀表工作是否正常。
d. After the engine starts, check whether the instruments work normally in time.
e.在發動機運轉中,操作者要防止風扇葉片傷人;發動機過熱時,不得打開水箱蓋,謹防沸水噴出燙傷操作人員;汽車路試后進行底盤檢修時,要防止被排氣管燙傷。
e. When the engine is running, the operator should prevent the fan blade from hurting people; when the engine is overheated, the water tank cover should not be opened to prevent the operator from being scalded by boiling water; when the chassis is overhauled after the road test, the operator should be prevented from being scalded by the exhaust pipe.
(3) 車下工作安全規則
(3) Safety rules for work under vehicles
a.正在維修的汽車,應掛“正在維修”的牌子。如不是維修制動系統,應拉緊手制動器并用三角木墊好車輪。
a. For a car under repair, the sign "under repair" should be displayed. If the brake system is not to be repaired, the handbrake should be tightened and the wheels should be padded with triangle wood.
b.用千斤頂頂車進行底盤作業時,千斤頂要放平穩,人應在車的外側位置,并應事先準備好架車工具(架車凳子),嚴禁用磚頭等易碎物品墊車,同時嚴禁單純用千斤頂頂起車輛在車底作業。
b. When using the jack to Jack the car for chassis operation, the jack should be placed stably, the person should be at the outside position of the car, and the car lifting tools (car lifting stool) should be prepared in advance. It is strictly forbidden to use bricks and other fragile items to pad the car, and it is strictly forbidden to simply use the jack to lift the car under the car for operation.
c.不能在用千斤頂頂起的已卸去車輪的汽車下工作。用千斤頂放下汽車時,打開液壓開關的動作要慢,打開前應觀察周圍是否有障礙物。
c. Do not work under a car with removed wheels jacked up. When you put down the car with a jack, the action of opening the hydraulic switch should be slow. Before opening, you should observe whether there are obstacles around.
d.在調試發動機時,不得在車下工作。
d. When debugging the engine, do not work under the vehicle.
(4) 蓄電池使用的安全規則
(4) Safety rules for the use of batteries
a.蓄電池應輕搬輕放,不可歪斜,以防電解液潑出腐蝕人體皮膚和衣服。如濺到皮膚,應立即用清水沖洗。
a. The storage battery should be handled with care, and should not be tilted, so as to prevent the electrolyte from spilling out and corroding human skin and clothes. If splashed on the skin, rinse immediately with clean water.
b.檢查電解液密度和電解液高度時,不要將儀器提得過高,以免電解液滴濺在人體或其他物體上。
b. When checking the density and height of electrolyte, do not lift the instrument too high to avoid electrolyte splashing on human body or other objects.
c.禁止將油料容器及各種金屬物放在蓄電池殼體上。
c. It is forbidden to put oil container and various metal objects on the battery shell.
d.在配置電解液時,應使用陶瓷或玻璃容器,將硫酸慢慢地倒入水中,絕對禁止將水倒入硫酸中。
d. When preparing electrolyte, ceramic or glass containers should be used to pour sulfuric acid into water slowly. It is absolutely forbidden to pour water into sulfuric acid.
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